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Ecotourism – responsible and sustainable tourism

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ecotourism

Responsible tourism means all tourism directly dependent on the use of natural life, for example. wildlife and landscape. Natural history tourism includes ecotourism and mass tourism. Uncontrolled mass tourism continues to contribute to the degradation of the natural and cultural significance (commercialization of culture), which results in or causes the loss of biological and cultural biodiversity and important sources of income. Nature tourism offers a way to finance the conservation of unique ecosystems. It enables communities that live side by side with the protective areas, to obtain economic benefit, for example. employment opportunities. But natural history travel and tourism while preserving ecosystems and their degraded. In many ways the natural tourism does not meet the social responsibility to the local community.

Sustainable tourism is developed and managed in such a way that all tourist activities will be focused on resource heritage, natural and cultural, which can continue immediately, and all efforts are made to sustain life for eternity.

According hectare Sebalosa-Laskuryyana (1983), eco-tourism is "tourism that involves traveling to relatively undisturbed natural area with a & # 39; the object of admiration, learning and enjoying the scenery and its wild plants and animals, as well as cultural features found there" .

Ecotourism covers four main elements:

• The natural environment as a major tourist attraction and cultural environment play a secondary role

• Sustainable use of environmental and cultural environment.

• Focus on education and life interpretation

• Assist the host community

Tourism – people and places where one group leaves, attends and passes through the place, the people who make it possible to travel, and people who meet on the road, it involves travelers, host communities and governments.

The purpose of the tourism industry is perhaps one of the most important elements. destination region is a tourist style for tourism and tourist attraction in the destination creates a visit. Travel product is consumed where it is produced (the destination). Thus, the destination is under considerable pressure from the high level of demand, based both on time and in certain places, such as the kind of East Africa, the Indian Ocean coastal beaches during the winter of the northern hemispheres & # 39; I.

Tourist pressure can lead to a change in the resource for tourism and as a tourist resource, and as a tourist demand continues to grow, so many destinations around the world susceptible to environmental degradation. The impact that has some form of the development of tourism on the environment, has caused concern in the environmental and other components. Thus, professional management and planning of destination are crucial if tourism will contribute to the conservation and perceived as acceptable industry in the world, which threatens the survival.

Tourism requires a pristine environment in which to work. It is necessary to sightseeing operations should be developed and managed in such a way as to protect the natural values. We subscribe because degree of development of tourism, planning and control in the correct and consistent manner the long-term impact on the quality of the tourism product and, consequently, the success of the hospitality industry. While tourism can be a catalyst for development, it is important for governments to plan carefully and to develop tourism in order to optimize the benefits without creating social and environmental problems

forms of tourism with low exposure to counteract the effects of mass tourism, which cause a number of problems in the resource base, ie, the environment, society and economy. Forms of tourism with low exposure to create a balance between the quality of the environment and use of resources. This is mainly aimed at expanding the capacity of local communities in natural resource management, which creates an incentive for the conservation of biological resources in the environment, allowing the beneficial effect from the tourist a filter to separate the seven & # 39; ads, and households.

Alternative tourism is considered as a form of tourism which correspond to the natural social and community values ​​and allow both host and guest to enjoy a positive and worthy of cooperation and sharing of experience. It is also variously known as eco-tourism, nature-based tourism, sustainable tourism, eco-friendly, environmentally friendly, environmentally friendly eco-friendly or green and eco-tour, such as walking tours, bird safari, camel safari. Excursions in nature, horseback riding safaris, bike tours, accommodation houses and farms, youth tourism.

Many places that are sold as a responsible tourism, do not account for local community development, economic, social welfare and human rights. Indeed, most of them are less concerned about the resource while it brings "green account". We should be concerned about employees and tourist education, that is the expected behavior of visitors. Thus, the natural history tourism is formulated as sustainable development. The concept of established principles, Ties 1991 defined it as responsible travel to natural areas that protect the environment and maintain the well-being of local residents.

It is fashionable to look at the development of tourism in the context of "sustainability", "alternative tourism", "green tourism", which have a special meaning for different people, but most of them are only eco-labels or marketing and piyaryng. Sustainable tourism – is one that meets the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

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