Rest in a third world country – one of the biggest trends & # 39; Today in tourism. Consider for example the tourism boom in Cambodia; for many the personification of poverty, strife and corruption. By 2007, the number of visitors to Cambodia each year has increased by 1200% in just 10 years. Such interest benefits of employment, revenue and foreign investment. What is important, what is perhaps most important in the world of securities, which deals with information, so international travel introduces and educates people of a different culture and beliefs. Unfortunately, the benefits of international tourism yet. Despite all this activity, & # 39; the bad end of the city & # 39; the world still looks as always.
Interview & # 39; th between Andrew Booth, co-founder of Sage Insights Cambodia, and Nola Hers, an independent journalist from Australia
– Thus, the problems of the world why choose this one?
The problem of extreme poverty in the countries that attract mass tourism, it seems to me as undervalued and decisive in many respects. Open a magazine like TIME. Read the suras & # 39; a major newspaper. See the news on television. We often see the scene confused and hungry people living in parched and unattractive land: land which has few natural resources and little to appreciate the world. No less troubling, though, perhaps, fatal to the & # 39 is poverty on such attractive land; so rich in history, culture and natural beauty that they attract millions of people from halfway around the world on vacation. These places are precious values. Assets that belong to all who call the land their home. However, a large part of the society completely misses the benefits that these assets can bring.
– But surely international tourism in the third world benefit?
Of course! Huge benefits. But my question is "who benefits?" or, more appropriately, "Who is not necessary?" No matter that is of interest to a country such assets; family & # 39; Silver & # 39; country; not applicable investor in the tourist hotel. Also, they do not belong to the travel agents, souvenir vendors, tour guides and even the government. It belongs to every person who calls the country & # 39; home & # 39; and from all those who will ever be.
Of course, the big idea that government manage assets on behalf of all. Thanks to the tax on the tourism industry and an increase in the economic activity they redistribute part of the profits; & # 39; gate receipts to the event & # 39 ;, for its citizens. Unfortunately, a common feature of the third world & # 39 is the lack of an accountable and transparent bureaucracy. Result: the weakest in society, people without a voice & # 39; will receive no benefit from international tourism, attracted by their assets, heritage.
– Do you think that the hotel should not make a profit from the tourists in poor countries?
They need to make profits. Local and international investors in the tourism infrastructure; Group of hotels and tourist companies get a great benefit from the use of the other assets in the country, and so it is necessary! These investors are motivated by financial returns. They are engaged in risk for its investors & # 39; Capital is developing such capabilities. I also acknowledge that local economies are a great stimulus from such investments. Many jobs are created for local people through international tourism. The new hotels need builders, cleaners, gardeners, guards, cooks and clerks.
– So where's the problem?
My point is that local people do not benefit. Rather, it is that all citizens should enjoy international interest in their common heritage. It remains a large group of people, especially in third world countries that are completely deprived of the benefits arising out of their own heritage wealth.
Try to imagine a country that almost overnight lost its entire professional class. How fast is your country recover from the elimination of almost all lawyers, law enforcement officers, bureaucrats, national and local politicians? You laughed. It is easy to joke that there would be a big improvement, but the truth is that without the right to & # 39 standards; law of the jungle quickly asserts itself. Damage to strive for a strong and experienced, not only distributed among the useful and is not weak
– For example?
In Cambodia, more than a fair share of troubles, from which she bravely rushes back. Horror rules Ruzhansky kmerav in the 1970s deprived the country of all its professional class. The country has not recovered from it during the night. Meanwhile, there is a possibility for some. In a recent US assessment of corruption in Cambodia noted that "the unfortunate reality is that corruption has become part of everyday life in Cambodia, that actually reached" pandemic ". The Law of the Jungle had come home, and despite the efforts of the Government, its . In an elaborate scheme to break the common opinion that all go into service & # 39; the system becomes independent.
So suddenly we have seen a boom in tourism, which is less than most needed in society are unlikely to benefit. In fact it is just a little bit worse. Boom activity brings inflation. International travelers in third world countries strain precious resources and push prices for local goods. Fresh fish, which was previously available on the market, suddenly disappears on the road to fill the contract with the new hotel.
– Do you see a way to recover all the benefits?
In Cambodia I have helped find a company called Sage Insights. Profit sage of international tourist interest in Cambodia supports the smallest children in the community. We provide the smallest children of Cambodia an interest in their own heritage. Not only in terms of the benefits of ownership, but also curiosity and motivation to preserve their heritage.
– And your investors: How do they make a profit?
Investors do not have. All the benefits of Sage Insights go home, feed and educate local children on the street, orphans and children from seven & # 39; ads are so poor that they do not have opportunities. Local workers, of course, benefit from a decent and stable income. Being a full-time employee in a less quiet periods, they are encouraged to conduct research and learn more about their country and heritage, to ensure rapid and continuous improvement of services.
This is not a compromise of ethical tourism, compared with excellent service for tourists; They feel the best of Cambodia with a reliable and friendly local management. All services are made on an individual basis, and there is 24-hour personal assistant for travel, which will help on all issues in the sometimes confusing and difficult country. Even high-quality hotels and international travel agents favorable; they have a partner they can trust to take care of their customers in Cambodia; a partner who is doing everything possible to encourage visitors to return.
– To sum up, you are looking for a project?
I hope that as the scale of the project, our competitors will find our standards and ethics. Over time, deprived of their rights will be associated with the value of their own heritage.