Most of us have heard the word "globalization", which is widely used in various contexts over the past few years. But a proper definition of this term is often second-hand? Merryam-Vebster defines globalization as "the act or process of globalization: the state of globalization, especially: the development of an increasingly integrated global economy marked especially free trade, free capital flows and the use of cheaper foreign labor markets.". Now that we have established the true definition of globalization it is probably easy to see how it plays a vital role in the tourism industry. In the end, the people who visit other countries, of course participate in globalization, when acquiring goods and services in their travels. But what may not be so obvious – how successful tourism has led to globalization. This theme we will explore in this blog.
Although it is difficult to say exactly when began the tourism industry, many historians agree that this is probably began when people who were engaged in Ancient Rome, began to spend the summer in other parts of the region, to avoid the fuss that was then. (And it is even now) Roman metropolis. This would mean that the travel of at least about 2000 years. But the end of the Roman Empire also meant the end of tourism, although several hundred years, as the unrest in the region have made any journey risky at best. A few hundred years in medieval times, the tourism industry has experienced a revival, when large groups of people began to hold a holy pilgrimage. This meant that these people need places to eat and sleep along the way. Several hundred years, people began to travel for other reasons – for example, to improve the health and view the art, architecture and visiting historical places. It was at this time, during the industrial revolution, when the tourism industry began to take the usual form that we know today. They have developed ways of moving, as well as hotels and restaurants to satisfy tourists. Finally, in the 1960s, when airplanes and ocean liners have become more common and more accessible to the masses, tourism has become a global industry. At present day and age, when you have time and money, you can organize a trip, quite literally, anywhere on the planet.
And, as it turns out, many people do not have time and money. In accordance with statistics portalBetween 2006 and 2017 travel and tourism industry has brought into the world economy of $ 8.27 trillion. The biggest participants – North America, the European Union and North-East Asia. While these regions are still in the lead of the tourist tax, others are less likely countries make their mark in this area, of course, thanks to the profitable opportunities that tourism brings with it. Some of the most notable – African countries such as Namibia, Zambia and Angola.
The KOF Index of Globalization of the 100 most globalized countries in 2017 should be no surprise that in the list of leaders in many EU countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, France and others. Also on the list – although more than EU countries – Canada and the United States. KOF Globalization Index takes into account three key indicators: economic, social and political. They define globalization as "… the process of creating networks between sub & # 39 objects at distances shmatkantynentalnyh mediated by various streams, including people, information and ideas, capital and goods." While there is no doubt in the economic impact of tourism on a global scale, other indicators of globalization more difficult to measure – namely, social and political influences that make the tourism industry on the world stage. But if you measure the impact of tourism on globalization in relation to the flow of people, information and ideas, as well as capital and goods, we can say with some confidence that the success of the tourism industry more than likely led the way – directly and indirectly – to globalization.