The second decade of this century was the witness the birth of a new and targeted forms of Mexican travel; meskalski tourism. Supporters of spirit, entrepreneurs, photographers and creators of documentary films, as well as the diversity of the students of the rich Mexican culture converge mostly in the southern state of Oaxaca.
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They come to buy, learn and understand, expose the rest of the world, and in some cases, financially benefit from broken work agavodav (amave), artisanal distilling (palenkeros) and their respective seven & # 39; ads. Of the nine states of Mexico, which in 2018 legally could call the spirit of the agave “mezcal”, Oaxaca today with & # 39 is the poorest, by any reasonable criteria.
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And so here, in the state where he was born and raised Benita Yuares, Mexico, the son of Mexico, we must ensure that meskalski tourism is ethical, responsible, sustainable and respectful both to the environment and to the lives of people seeking modest cultivation and agave mezcal preform and distillation. But how can we achieve such lofty goals while ensuring those who support the economy Oaksana?
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Will we move toward understanding meskalskih pilgrimages to Oaxaca in terms of ethical, responsible, sustainable or environmentally friendly, or any combination of the above tourist classifications, we need a point. Most of the more capacious definition contained in the decision by the World Travel Market Declaration on Responsible Tourism in 2002 in Cape Town:
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(1) minimizes negative economic, environmental and social impacts;
(2) create greater economic benefits for local people and enhances the well-being of host communities, improves working conditions and access to the industry;
(3) draws locals in decisions that affect their lives and life changes;
(4) makes a positive contribution to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage, to the maintenance of diversity in the world;
(5) provide a more enjoyable experience for tourists through more significant due to the local people and a greater understanding of local cultural, social and environmental issues;
(6) provides access for people with disabilities and accidents;
(7) culturally sensitive matter of respect between tourists and hosts, and builds local pride and confidence.
Meskalskaga key players in tourism & # 39 are manufacturers, vinakureli, community, government, industry, regulators, and representatives of brand owners, as well as visitors of Oaxaca. Guides are also included, drivers and others who want to effectively provide appropriate services to those who come to Oaxaca to achieve one or more objectives.
Almost on a weekly basis in the conduct of meskalskih excursions almost everything that I hear associated with ethical meskalskim tourism for the current “agave shortage” as yourself, because in fact, enough misery. The problem is the sharp rise in the price per kilogram over the last few years, as well as palenkeros and producers who harvest espadin that small, for years before they need to collect in order to produce the best mezcal with optimum yield.
While demand is growing, tourism, from the point of view of those who travel to Oaxaca to purchase for personal use or to promote export project, only to a limited extent able to resolve this issue in the context of the industry’s sustainability.
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Brand owners, including palenkeros should not pursue their producers, especially those who lead a natural way of life, wanting to get the benefits of the train. They must recognize the cyclical nature of the industry; decent income, received today from the sale of the agave can evaporate in a few short years.
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Likewise, visitors should not refuse wineries sell them at a fair price. Some customers mezcal supporters acknowledge that they are paying a fraction of what they will return home; there is no middle men, no transport costs and often do not have the tax.
Virtually no one in this group of pilgrims is not trying to stay with palenkerasam, and in fact, some insist to pay a little more. They see the standard of living of some seven & # 39; palenkeros ads to which I drive them away, and they have a conscience. Maybe it depends on the type of visitor that keeps me or that I tend to visit predominantly small mom and alcohol plants makeshift factories, which are being moved Oaksana depth, or a combination thereof. Even if your discount when buying mezcal directly with a small artisanal Palenque, will save you only 50% of what you would otherwise have paid back home, who would you prefer to see a profit? Exporter? Dystryb & # 39; Yutariya or sellers: American, British or Mexican? Or something & # 39; I Oaksana who tries every day?
Many tour operators believe that their customers are not willing to pay more for a holiday to the residents of the host region is best shaken. However, a survey of the Association of British Travel Agents has shown that two-thirds of visitors to foreign lands, who were on package tours, will be willing to pay an extra 10-25 pounds for environmental and social improvements. A survey conducted by Tearfund’s aid agency, revealed that 59% of respondents were willing to pay more for their holidays if it will provide a decent salary by local residents and help protect the environment. This supports what I found during meskalskih excursions. Many travelers visiting Oaxaca for peyote, “get.”
Most palenkeros can not even imagine how much it costs per liter of mescal. One company, Aventureros, works with a limited number palenkeros to help them in the calculation of the actual cost of production. This is the highest price paid for raw materials and the final yield, adds to the expense of utility bills, it brings value to the work of family members & # 39; and assisting in various stages of production, and considers more. The problem faced by vinakureli mainly those who want to sell a large number of export is that there will always be a competitor who is willing to pay less and, therefore, knowledge of the real costs of production balanced with finding a market for your peyote. It’s the nature of capitalism, but at least there are people with a decent swing ethical business practices that take Aventurarosa sense of morality. Many of palenkerosav determines prices based on how much they need to “get around” and no more. Consumers who can buy directly from the source, have the ability and possibly the obligation to be fair. Yes, our Western world is not necessarily correct, but, at least, think to do something more, to correct an injustice by your standards. It’s part of ethical tourism, regardless of whether there should be.
The above-mentioned nature of the export business, which deals with foreign brand owners and exporters, with a & # 39 are citizens of Mexico or otherwise. Some believe in fair trade, insist on an appropriate price to pay and / or return of the profits some & # 39; and or society. However, there are others who are trying to squeeze their manufacturers to ensure the best possible cheap price. Some of the former categories represent their business practices as a way to increase sales and / or simply illustrate that they are mostly motivated by altruism. Plotkavyya network to help us learn more about them on both ends of a continuum between them.
To some extent, it solves the problem of the extinction of wild species and sub-species of agave. Some communities dictate its residents that for every wild agave crop yields need to plant two small. It turns out that the lesson has been received in the near extinction of the wild Tabalov near Solo de Vega, previously famous for its beautiful wild mezcal. Regulatory advice CRM (Consejo Regulador del Mezcal) recently began performing promulgated rules that exclude palenkeros that not dealing with the issue, as noted above, and registered the land from which they were harvested, producing mezcal certified for export and for domestic consumption . Of course, there are problems with any regulatory authority, particularly in Mexico, but it’s a start. For me, the notion that mezcal, which is made from wild agave, with & # 39 is better than distilled from cultivation can, with the & # 39 is part of the problem and is clearly false as a general opinion; should be considered more as teroir, specie and sub-specie, production and trade of weapons means palenqero skills and reputation, etc .. Mezcal, peraganyany in copper cultivation espadina may be “better” than Tabola made from wildlife agave and distilled in clay. Buy what you like, and this operation will take place a long way towards sustainability.
Similarly, there are brands who understand the potential cutting trees that are cut and used as traditional wood for burning furnaces. Some begin to programs to restore forests in search of volunteers for planting seedlings in the rainy season. These environmentally conscious entrepreneurs are also encouraged volunteers to agave planting programs.
I do not belong to walk to where the government is. Indeed, you can skillfully argued that the government is doing more than its fair share to promote meskalskay industry for the benefit of producers and distilling, as well as to address environmental issues. But ethical meskalski tourism takes a different approach. Request, and no more than:
• complies with the rules of responsible tourism to direct visitors to Oaxaca only certified on the & # 39 facilities built for tourists;
• whether the principles of responsible tourism, to avoid Palenquero small size call them the spirit of the agave “mezcal”, given that the root of the word predates even the founding of a country, which we now call Mexico;
• conforms to the rules of responsible tourism, or can not be Palenquero collect and pay the tax when they almost scraped off, if there is a viable and reasonable ways to fill public offices.
Yes, of course, meskalnaya industry needs regulation to protect the public consumption, and those who have the ability to pay tax, must pay their fair share, whatever it was. But there are no funds to achieve these objectives, which are more consistent with the principles of responsible tourism or ethical? Since we can stretch the limits of the theme of this article, let’s just leave it at that.
In the short term Oaxaca Visitors wishing to explore, learn, buy, and all the rest, can not have an impact on the public or otherwise controls. meskalnaya industry, and do not think about trying to do it. But they can resolve imbalances by ensuring that they are doing everything reasonably and under its control, to benefit the citizens who grow and create the spirit, if not increase, at least to protect the environment from the adverse effects on humans.
The initial possibility to travel in Oaxaca should ensure that their visit according to their desire to become part of the ethical meskalskaga tourism in choosing their mezcal-facilitator, whether a guide, a driver and fixer in the context of the goal to remove or take a picture. This person must play a key role in ensuring that residents are engaged in the growth of agave or mezcal production, to have a reasonable profit. It is his responsibility – to help those who need help, and at the same time does nothing to reduce or prevent sustainability; that is, to benefit people and the environment.
I wrote about the supporters of the responsibility to make mezcal proper care in evaluating brands, representatives and others in this area, to ensure that their purchases match with respect to social responsibility. It is true that the issue is not directly related to tourism meskalskim. However, usually those who love the spirit of the agave eventually find their way to Oaxaca. And so it is best to begin to address these issues before you go to the state for any reason related to mezcal, to study, to buy or to promote a commercial project. Given the effects and consequences of the visit of the structure in the early stages, it increases the likelihood of a decision on the issue, the relevant ethical tourism meskalskamu.